How was French society unequal in 1789?
In 1789 , France was the largest and most powerful European Nation prior to the revolution. France’s society was organized into 3 estate which were all very unequal . the first and second estates had the least amount of people, but the most wealth, power and priviledge.
Why were French peasants unhappy in 1789?
Peasants were unhappy with the depletion of royal coffers, two decades of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices. Peasants had heavy taxes imposed on them while the Catholic Church got off scot-free. They expressed this resentment through riots, loots and strikes.
What was the social structure of the old regime in France?
The social structure of the old regime consisted of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd estate. The 1st estate consisted of the clergy, those in high positions of the church, the 2nd estate were the nobles, they had top jobs in government, army, courts and church, and the 3rd estate were the peasants . Who were the bourgeoisie?
What were the differences among the social classes in pre revolutionary France?
What were the differences among the social classes in pre – revolutionary France ? The first and second estate had all the power while most of the third estate were poor and barely had food. According to Sieyès the third estate wanted be something in the government so they has to fight to stop being nothing.
What were the three classes of French society?
France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.
What problems did France have before the revolution?
Tax collectors were corrupt, so not all the taxes reached the state treasury. The people of France resented the fact that the King and Queen and the nobility lived in luxury, spending extravagantly despite the country’s problems. Bad weather conditions led to poor harvests and inflation in 1788 and 1789.
Why did peasants opposed the French Revolution?
What are two reasons that many peasants opposed the Revolution ? They were Catholics and they supported the monarchy. Foreign monarchs feared revolution and the other countries formed alliances and attacked France .
Why did the peasants start the French Revolution?
From the point of view of the peasants , rapid population growth, harvest failures, physiocratic calls for modernization of agriculture, and rising seigneurial dues motivated peasants to destroy feudalism in France . They played a major role in starting the French Revolution in 1789.
What were the three most important causes of the French Revolution?
10 Major Causes of the French Revolution #1 Social Inequality in France due to the Estates System. #2 Tax Burden on the Third Estate. #3 The Rise of the Bourgeoisie. #4 Ideas put forward by Enlightenment philosophers. #5 Financial Crisis caused due to Costly Wars. #7 The Rise in the Cost of Bread. #8 Ineffective leadership of Louis XV and Louis XVI.
Why was the estate system in France unfair?
The causes of the French Revolution were that the Estate System was unfair , the government of France was into much debt, and was therefore taxing too much, and that people resented the power of the Church. The third estate was overtaxed because the government was in debt. This caused the third estate to demand reform.
How was the French society divided in 18th century?
The French society in the 18th century was divided into three estates. The first estate consisted of the clergymen, the second estate consisted of the nobles and the third estate consisted of the common people most of whom were peasants.
Why was France in debt?
Causes of debt The French Crown’s debt was caused by both individual decisions, such as intervention in the American War of Independence and the Seven Years’ War, and underlying issues such as an inadequate taxation system.
What did society and class look like in 19th century France?
The three primary social classes (upper class aristocracy, middle class bourgeoisie, and lower or working class ) existed in Paris throughout the 19th century (and still exist in many developed societies in the 21st century ). Below the lower class was an impoverished underclass, often called the sunken people.
Who was the largest class in French society?
Feudal France was neatly divided into three social classes , or Estates, with different jobs and privileges. The clergy was the First Estate, the nobles were the Second Estate, and the peasants were the Third Estate. The Third Estate was the largest but had few rights at all.
What kind of society did the newly emerging social groups in France believe in?
They believed that no group in society should be privileged by birth. Rather, a personal social position must depend on his merit. These ideas envisaging a society based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all, paved way for the emergence of the middle class.